Unit A: Research 2.0
- What are the new key features of Web 2.0 technologies, and how they differ from Web 1.0? In the past, users could only use the Web to get information. With Web 2.0, the user now has the ability to collaborate with others, interact in virtual or online communities, and generate Web content.
- Discuss some things you should consider before sharing information on the Web. Have to keep in mind that whatever you post on the Web is out there for the world to see unless you set some restrictions. You should also keep in mind that if you browse the Web or open email without having a firewall and virus protection installed on your computer, you are exposing all of the information on your computer to possible attacks, and yourself to possible identity theft.
- Give 3 examples of research tools. As an example of research tools on the Web we can name: Search engines, such as Google, Research Databases, such as school’s or public library’s, and Online Catalogs, such as WorldCat.
- What is the difference between a search engine and a meta-search engine? A search engine is a website that finds documents or media related to search terms or keywords that user provides. A meta-search engine is a category of a search engine, which uses multiple search engines in a single search, and therefore returns more results.
- What are the benefits of a Subject Guide? For more in depth research a user will have better success using a specialized search engine called a Subject Guide. The advantage is that the information it contains is already categorized for the user.
- Discuss the difference between a primary source, a secondary source, and a tertiary source, and give examples of each. A primary source is directly related to the event or historical figure, such as an interview, sound recording, or photograph. A secondary source interprets or reports on the data or information using primary sources, for example, an article written about the Great Depression. A tertiary source is at least two steps removed from the primary source. Might be an encyclopedia or other large reference network.
- Name three things you should consider when you try to determine whether or not a source is valid. Should consider if the reference is a primary, secondary, or tertiary source, if the website for the source is reputable, if other sources confirm the information.
- What is the difference between a personal bookmark and a social bookmark? Social bookmarks are bookmarks that you share with friends, classmates, or with the entire web community. A personal bookmark is stored locally on your computer .
- What is a mind map and what are its benefits? A mind-mapping tool helps you record information in a format that works for you, revise the information to put it into your own words, and reorganize it in a linear or graphical way, depending on your learning style. Example: mindmeister.com.
- Give 3 examples of information that requires you to cite a source. Quotation or interpretation of data, using direct quotes or data from any primary, secondary, and tertiary source, or if you paraphrase an idea presented in a source.
Unit B: Finding Media for Projects
- Copyright Law is a category of what broad area of law? Civil Law.
- Name 3 types of work protected by copyright. Photographs, videos, and music.
- At what point is a work protected by copyright? As soon as it is created.
- Explain what Creative Commons licenses allow. Creative Commons licensing offers a way to assign copyright to your work. CC licenses let creators decide which rights they want to retain while allowing others to use the work under certain conditions that the owner selects. Creator can require simple attribution for his work, restrict its commercia use, or not allow derivative use.
- Give an example of when a work enters public domain. In the US, nearly every work created prior to 1923 is in the public domain. Copyright lasts the life of the author plus 70 years. For example, the book “The Phantom of Opera”, by Gaston Leroux, is of public domain, as it was published before 1923.
- Discuss the difference between crediting authors for their work and getting permission to use a work. Giving credit to the copyright holder indicates that you are not trying to claim the work as your own, but it doesn’t mean you are using the work properly, with permission. To get permission, a request should be sent to the author with this minimum information on the request letter: your full name, with complete contact information; a specific description of your intended use; a signature line for the copyright holder; a target date when you would like the copyright holder to respond.
- Name 3 rights copyright holders have to their work. Right to reproduce the work, prepare Derivative Works of it, distribute copies of it, perform it publicly and display it publicly.
- Name 3 things you should include in a permissions letter. Full name, a specific description of your intended use, a target date when you would like the copyright holder to respond.
- Why shouldn’t you assign a Creative Commons license to scanned photographs you found in a box in the attic? Because the photographs are not your original work; they are someone else’s.