Please research and define following terms:
a. IP Address : An Internet Protocol address (IP address) is a numerical label assigned to each device (e.g., computer, printer) participating in a computer network that uses the Internet Protocol for communication. An IP address serves two principal functions: host or network interface identification and location addressing. Its role has been characterized as follows: “A name indicates what we seek. An address indicates where it is. A route indicates how to get there.”
b. Shared web hosting service : A shared web hosting service or virtual hosting service or derive host refers to a web hosting service where many websites reside on one web server connected to the Internet. Each site “sits” on its own partition, or section/place on the server, to keep it separate from other sites. This is generally the most economical option for hosting, as many people share the overall cost of server maintenance.
c. Dedicated hosting service : A dedicated hosting service, dedicated server, or managed hosting service is a type of Internet hosting in which the client leases an entire server not shared with anyone. This is more flexible than shared hosting, as organizations have full control over the server(s), including choice of operating system, hardware, etc. Server administration can usually be provided by the hosting company as an add-on service.
d. Managed hosting service : See dedicated hosting service.
e. Domain : A domain name is an identification string that defines a realm of administrative autonomy, authority, or control on the Internet. Domain names are formed by the rules and procedures of the Domain Name System (DNS).
f. Sub-domain : The Domain Name System (DNS) has a tree structure or hierarchy, with each node on the tree being a domain name. A subdomain is a domain that is part of a larger domain, the only domain that is not also a subdomain is the root domain. For example, mail.example.com and calendar.example.com are subdomains of the example.com domain, which in turn is a subdomain of the com top-level domain (TLD).
g. Domain pointers : Domain pointers allow you to point multiple domain names to a single Web site. For example: If your domain is http://www.yourdomain.com and you also have http://www.your-domain.com, by using a domain pointer, you can have http://www.your-domain.com directed to www.yourdomain.com.
h. Domain parkings : Domain parking is the registration of an Internet domain name without using it for services such as e-mail or a website i.e without placing any content on the domain. This may be done to reserve the domain name for future development, to protect against the possibility of cybersquatting, or to engage in cybersquatting. Since the domain name registrar will have set name servers for the domain, the registrar or resellerpotentially has use of the domain rather than the final registrant.
i. DSN (Domain Name system) : The Domain Name System (DNS) is a hierarchical distributed naming system for computers, services, or any resource connected to the Internet or a private network. It associates various information with domain names assigned to each of the participating entities.
j. Private Domain Registration : Domain privacy is a service offered by a number of domain name registrars. A user buys privacy from the company, who in turn replaces the user’s info in the WHOIS with the info of a forwarding service (for email and sometimes postal mail, done by a proxy server) such as “Domains by Proxy, Inc.” or eNom’s “ID Protect”.
k. Domain Locking : REGISTRAR-LOCK is a status code that can be set on an Internet domain name by the sponsoring registrar of the domain name. This is usually done in order to prevent unauthorized, unwanted or accidental changes to the domain name.
l. Domain Forwarding : Domain redirection or domain forwarding is when all pages in a URL domain are redirected to a different domain, as when wikipedia.com and wikipedia.net are automatically redirected to wikipedia.org
m. Disk Space : The term “disk space” is an amount of computer storage space on random-access memory devices, such as on a hard drive, floppy or USB flash drive
n. Site Admin Control Panel : The SiteAdmin Control Panel will allow you to manage and monitor your site 24 x 7 x 365 through a web browser.
o. FTP: File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is a standard network protocol used to transfer files from one host to another host over a TCP-based network, such as the Internet. It is often used to upload web pages and other documents from a private development machine to a public web-hosting server.
p. FTP Accounts : An essential part of the website setup process is publishing it online, which includes uploading its files to a host server where the website is planned to be located. Since in most cases this includes the transfer of many files at a time, utilizing a dedicated FTP program is the quickest and easiest way to do that. In order for the users to be able to connect to the respective hostserver through an FTP client, they need to have rights to access that server. These authorization access rights are assigned to users by their hosting providers in the form of FTP accounts.
q. POP e-mail address : In computing, the Post Office Protocol (POP) is an application-layer Internet standard protocol used by local e-mail clients to retrieve e-mail from a remote server over a TCP/IP connection.POP and IMAP (Internet Message Access Protocol) are the two most prevalent Internet standard protocols for e-mail retrieval
r. SMTP e-mail access : Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) is an Internet standard for electronic mail (e-mail) transmission across Internet Protocol (IP) networks.
s. SSL : Transport Layer Security (TLS) and its predecessor, Secure Sockets Layer (SSL), are cryptographic protocols that provide communication security over the Internet. TLS and SSL encrypt the segments of network connections at the Transport Layer, using asymmetric cryptography for key exchange, symmetric encryption for privacy, and message authentication codes for message integrity.
t. RAW logs : raw logs are plain text files containing information about visitors and activity on your site. They are useful in generating web stats for your website
u. Site statistics : Web analytics is the measurement, collection, analysis and reporting of internet data for purposes of understanding and optimizing web usage
v. CGI Bin : The Common Gateway Interface (CGI) is a standard method for web server software to delegate the generation of web pages to executable files. Such files are known as CGI scripts; they are programs, often stand-alone applications, usually written in a scripting language.
w. PHP : PHP is a general-purpose server-side scripting language originally designed for Web development to produce dynamic Web pages. It is one of the first developed server-side scripting languages to be embedded into an HTML source document, rather than calling an external file to process data.
x. Perl : Perl is a high-level, general-purpose, interpreted, dynamic programming language.
y. My SQL : is the world’s most used relational database management system (RDBMS)that runs as a server providing multi-user access to a number of databases.
z. Python : Python is a general-purpose, high-level programming language whose design philosophy emphasizes code readability. Python claims to combine “remarkable power with very clear syntax”, and its standard library is large and comprehensive.